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It retains a distinct cultural identity that reflects its history, and is recognised as one of the Celtic nations.
It was formerly a Brythonic kingdom and subsequently a royal duchy.
Here then the merchants buy the tin from the natives and carry it over to Gaul, and after travelling overland for about thirty days, they finally bring their loads on horses to the mouth of the Rhône.
Professor Timothy Champion, discussing Diodorus Siculus's comments on the tin trade, states that "Diodorus never actually says that the Phoenicians sailed to Cornwall.
The Cornish nationalist movement contests the present constitutional status of Cornwall and seeks greater autonomy within the United Kingdom in the form of a devolved legislative Cornish Assembly with powers similar to those in Wales and Scotland.
Few Roman remains have been found in Cornwall, and there is little evidence that the Romans settled or had much military presence there.
Cornwall has a population of 563,600 and an area of 3,563 km The county has been administered since 2009 by the unitary authority, Cornwall Council.