The São Paulo Art Museum (1947) and Rio de Janeiro Museum of Modern Art (1948) are internationally renowned.
Both Rio and São Paulo have major museums of anthropology and numerous theatres.
The Indian population is now statistically small, but Tupí-Guaraní, the language of many Brazilian Indians, continues to strongly influence the Brazilian Portuguese language; other Indian contributions to Brazilian culture are most apparent in the Amazon basin.
African influences on the Brazilian way of life are strongest along the coast between the Northeast and Rio de Janeiro; they include traditional foods, religions, and popular music and dance, especially the samba.
Joaquim Machado de Assis, the son of a freed slave, was a leading voice of the 19th century with his romantic novels.
The only exceptions are some members of Amerindian groups and pockets of immigrants (primarily from Japan and South Korea), who have not yet learned Portuguese.The Brazilian Academy of Letters, with its headquarters in Rio de Janeiro, is generally regarded as the most prestigious of the country’s numerous learned societies.The National Library, also in Rio, was founded in 1810 with 60,000 volumes from the Portuguese royal library; it now holds millions of books and documents.The cultures of the indigenous Indians, Africans, and Portuguese have together formed the modern Brazilian way of life.
The Portuguese culture is by far the dominant of these influences; from it Brazilians acquired their language, their main religion, and most of their customs.Some of Marx’s landscapes have been used to set off the imaginative structures of Brazil’s world-renowned architect Lúcio Costa, the creator of the capital’s original layout.